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2016年安徽洪灾安置点灾民疾病谱的构成分析
  

2016年安徽洪灾安置点灾民疾病谱的构成分析

徐海环  刘淑红

摘要:目的:了解2016年安徽洪灾安置点灾民疾病的病种构成情况,为今后洪灾区灾民救治提供科学依据。方法:采用国际疾病分类方法对疾病病种进行分类,应用Excel软件对数据进行统计分析。主要指标为各疾病的病种构成比。结果:医疗救援队在巡诊期间累计诊疗灾民各类系统疾病患者219例,男性139人,女性80人,最大年龄86岁,最小1.5岁,平均年龄47.97±21.61岁。皮肤系统疾病、肌肉骨骼软组织损伤、消化和呼吸系统疾病、心脑血管疾病依次占总病例的39.7%、28.3%、8.2%、7.8%和6.8%。皮肤病病种构成中,湿疹、皮炎、真菌性皮肤病占前三位,分别是25.3%、19.5%和16.1%。结论:安徽灾民病种构成中,皮肤系统、肌肉骨骼软组织损伤所占比重最高,胃肠道和呼吸系统、心脑血管疾病患病比例相当,在洪灾灾民救援中,要及时改善灾民居住卫生条件,建设洗浴条件,加强心理疏导,进行健康教育和及时的药物供给。

关键词:洪涝灾区;灾民;疾病谱

Abstract: objective: To understand circumstance of spectrum of disease in AnHui 2016 flood victims camp,providing a scientific basis for future treatment of flooding area victims  Methods:The International Classification of Diseases method was used for classification, Excel software was applied for statistical analysis of data. Results:There were totally 219 cases of patients during medical inspection, of whom139 was males, 80 was females, the largest age was 86 years old, and smallest was 1.5 years, mean age 47.97 ± 21.61 years old. The skin system disease, the musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries, the digestive and respiratory system diseases,  and the heart head blood-vessel diseases, in turn, accounting for 39.7%, 28.3%, 8.2%, 7.8% and 6.8% of the total cases. The main skin diseases were eczema, dermatitis, fungal skin, respectively was 25.3%, 19.5% and 16.1%. Conclusion: The skin system, musculoskeletal tissue damage accounted for the highest in Anhui victims of diseases, respiratory system, gastrointestinal systemand disease of heart head blood-vessel ratio were relativelylower. It should be timely to improve the health condition of victims, to construct bath conditions, to strengthen the psychological counseling and health education and to supply of drugsin time.

Key words: flood disaster areas; the victims of the disaster; spectrum of disease

摘自《中国急救复苏与灾害医学杂志》2017年11月第12卷第11期

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