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军民融合救援在茂县滑坡灾害中的应用
  

军民融合救援在茂县滑坡灾害中的应用

石波  王东  何梅  石宇洲

摘要:目的 探讨灾害救援的军民融合救援模式。方法2017年6月24日-27日茂县塌方灾害救援间,绵阳市消防支队与绵阳市中心医院组建成军民融合救援队。救援队分成指挥组、搜救组、保障组、医卫组共4组,分别执行组织管理、现场搜救、装备保障、医学救援与医卫保障。评价军民融合救援队的应急响应能力与应急保障能力。结果 救援队救援响应距离为230公里,出发时间为灾后4.5h~7.5h,抵达时间为灾后7h~15h。作业面积20万M2(300m×650m)。“黄金72小时”内,救援组的搜救作业时长为49.5h,医卫组协同搜救作业时长为46.5h。通讯保障覆盖率100%(69 /69),休整保障覆盖率100%(69 /69),休整时长为15.5h,日平均 5.5h。餐饮保障率为100%。0人受伤、牺牲或发生其他疾病。结论消防救援与医学救援可契合互补,两者组建的军民融合救援是灾害现场救援的有效模式。

关键词:灾害救援;军民融合;茂县滑坡;响应能力;保障能力

Abstract:Objective To explore the methods of civil-military integration for the disaster rescue.Methods Witch the disaster rescue in Maoxianlandslide(Sichuan, China) from June 24, 2017 to 27, Mianyang fire brigade and Mianyangcentral hospital set up a civil-military rescue team which included a command group, a rescue group, a security group,a health group and executed the respective work for organization, on-site search and rescue, equipment support, medical rescue and medical security. This study evaluated the emergency response capability and emergency support capability of the civil-military rescue team.Results The emergency response distance of the civil-military rescue team was 230 km. The departure time was 4.5-7.5h and the arrival time was 7-15h after the disaster. The working area of search and rescue was Two hundred thousand square meter (300m*650m).Within 72 hours after the disaster, the working hours of the rescue group and the health group were 49.5h,46.5h respectively, the average rest time was 15.5h, and the daily average was 5.5h. The team's communication coverage, rest coverage rate, food and beverage rate were 100%. Nonemember of the civil-military rescue teamwasinjured, sacrificed or had other illnesses. ConclusionThe civil-military rescuewhich cooperated with fire brigade and hospital is an effective modefor the disaster rescue.

Key words:Disasterrescue; Civil-military integration; Maoxian landslide; Response capability; Rupport capability

摘自《中国急救复苏与灾害医学杂志》2017年7月第12卷第7期

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